Visiting a Lutheran Church

Martin Luther, the founder of the Lutheran Church

A while back I wrote about how to be an outsider in church, but that was pretty generic. Today, I bring you some advice on the etiquette when visiting a Lutheran church, or at least a fairly traditional one.

What is Lutheran?

The definition of a Lutheran is one who follows the teachings of Martin Luther, not to be confused with Martin Luther King Jr. although he had some pretty good ideas too. Martin Luther was a Roman Catholic clergyman who objected to a number of the church’s doctrines. While Lutherans are the original Protestants, our service are more like Catholic services than those of many other Protestants. 

The Pastor

Lutheran services are typically led by the pastor. Some Lutheran churches have female pastors but most are still men, especially in more traditional churches. Lutheran pastors typically dress similarly to Catholic priests, but are often husbands and fathers as well. The pastor is the most elaborately dressed of those in conspicuous attire. The other common people to dress conspicuously are vicars, who are student pastors, and acolytes, teenagers and young adults that help with the service. 


The most traditional form of Lutheran service is the liturgy, a structured and prewritten service. The exact form of the liturgy varies between synods, churches, and even weeks. The liturgy may be projected on a screen, printed in the bulletin, or in the hymnal. If it’s in the hymnal then the pastor will most like direct you to the correct page. There’s quite a bit of call and response in a typical liturgy but if you pay attention you should have no difficulty figuring out what you should be saying. Usually the liturgy begins with the pastor entering the sanctuary and ends with him leaving. 


Music is a central component of many Lutheran services. Portions of the liturgy are often sung or chanted but there’s more music than that, most notably during communion and immediately before the sermon. The hymn before the sermon is known as the sermon hymn or the hymn of the day and is thematically related to the sermon. Lutherans view music as an important teaching tool so the choices of songs is usually quite significant. Traditional hymns are quite common in Lutheran churches, but more contemporary songs are also far from unheard of. 


Communion is a central element in most Lutheran services. If any of this advice is useful, then you shouldn’t be taking communion. 

Lutheran communion typically involves going up to the front of the church where they kneel at a railing, and eat a wafer and drink a sip of wine. While they’re waiting, everyone else sings. Ushers move down the aisles and direct people to go up. The people will usually wait at the front of the pews until directed to go up to the rail by another usher. They stand at the rail until the pastor holds out his hands and they kneel. After taking communion the pastor will dismiss them and they return to their seats.

Most people stay in their seats when not taking communion but some go up to the rail and cross their arms in front of them. If you go up to the rail, the pastor pray a blessing for you instead. Lutheran children don’t take communion, so all young children that go up for communion receive a blessing. 

Where to Sit

It’s a common joke that to be a good Lutheran one must always sit at the back. It’s a joke but it does have a grain of truth so sitting at the front is likely to draw attention to you as an outsider. There are two unspoken rules but they hardly even need to be mentioned; sit in the congregation and don’t sit anywhere that isn’t facing the altar, these are reserved for people with formal roles in the service.

Special Events

There are two main events that happen during Lutheran services and warrant inviting others to; baptisms and confirmations. Lutheran baptisms mark a person initially joining the church, so it’s usually infants that are baptized, but adults and older children are also baptized on occasion and all are equally celebrated. Confirmation is essentially the graduation into full membership in the church, and typically follows a period of instruction.  It’s usually teenagers that get confirmed, but adults do on occasion as well, as was my case. 

Act Like a Visitor

The most important thing to remember when visiting a Lutheran church is the same as when you visit anywhere; act like a visitor. Most Lutheran churches are very welcoming so long as you show the appropriate respect. You’ve entered their space so it isn’t the place to oppose their beliefs or question their motivations. Be respectful and open minded, and you’ll be welcomed with open arms.


Funerals: The Most Somber of Somber Occasions


Editor’s note: As an etiquette guide, this article is based on opinion. It’s goal is to create a standard.

Slave or King, rich or poor, good or evil, death eventually comes for us all. There’s no getting around it. Our families die. Our friends die. Our heroes die. We die. It’s not something we like to think about but it’s an inevitability. We will all face death. We will all lose those we love. Despite the inevitability of them, we rarely discuss funerals.

Funerals are a part of every culture, although they may vary extensively. Death is an irrevocable change so we all must come to terms with it when it happens. A funeral may be chance to commiserate a loss or celebrate a life. 

Funerary Customs

Every culture, sub-culture, and religion has funerary customs, such as the black veils of Latin America, the twenty-one gun salute of military funerals, and the Jewish use of stones. Before attending a funeral you’ll want to familiarise yourself with those customs. A distant family member is usually the best place to start. They’ll likely be familiar with the customs but won’t be too busy or distraught to help you. You can also feel free to incorporate customs from your own culture so long as they don’t conflict in any way with the family’s. You’re also exempt from any customs that run contrary to your own beliefs and are under no obligation to sacrifice your own needs.

From this point on I’ll be writing from a purely North American Christian perspective. If anything conflicts with your own customs, then your customs are right.

How to Dress

Funerals are part of why you should have multiple suits. Funerals are best kept an informal affair, but custom certainly trumps that. Typically a man should wear a black suit, preferably with a white shirt and black tie. Pocket squares are completely acceptable but be sure to leave all the cheery colours and flamboyant patterns at home. Also, be sure to remove your hat in the church and at the gravesite. 

Ladies should wear simple black outfits. Again, leave the cheery colours and flamboyant patterns at home. A funeral is also an excellent place to break out a hat with a veil. There’s no need for ladies to ever remove their hats.

It’s only appropriate to wear uniforms at military, police, or firefighter funerals, and even then only if you are or once were a part of such an organisation. There’s no need to remove uniform headdress at the gravesite but it should still be taken off in the church.


Like many events, funerals have a traditional itinerary. They usually start with a viewing the night before. This is a casual service that’s open to the public but usually attended only by those who were particularly close to the deceased or their family. A second family viewing is often held immediately before the service. The former is typically at a funeral home and the latter is usually at the church.

The main component of a funeral is the service. The service usually takes place at the deceased’s church or at the gravesite. If the main service is at a church then there’s usually a second shorter service at the grave. The deceased’s religious views are usually very appparent at the service and there can even be a full church service. Regardless of the church, conduct yourself appropriately for a visitor there. When the gravesite is some distance from the church, mourners travel to the grave in a ceremonial procession. 

Funerals will commonly end with a simple meal. To many, it’s the beginning of life without the deceased. It’s a good time to catch up with friends and family, and give your condolences to the family. It’s also the time when a funeral ceases to be somber.


The typical funeral procession is led by the hearse and includes all the mourners driving at slow speeds. The vehicles generally have their hazard lights turned on so other motorists know that they’re part of a funeral procession. It used to be the norm to turn on the headlights but, with the prevalence of daytime running lights, this is no longer effective.


In some western cultures it’s common for funerals to celebrate the deceased’s life more than mourn their passing. This usually takes the form of a party. In those cases, the etiquette of a similar party held for some other purpose applies.

Sympathy Notes

If you can’t attend a funeral or don’t get a chance to speak with the family, then you may want to send them a sympathy note. Actually writing the note has plenty of its own etiquette but it should always be hand written and sent or delivered within a few days of the funeral. If you deliver it in person, don’t expect an invitation to come in. Grieving people often feel asocial and you need to respect that.

Future Remembrance

Few people deserve to be forgotten. The good should be venerated forever and the evil should remain a cautionary tale. Consider attending an All Saints Day service and possibly visiting the grave periodically.

Being the Outsider in Church

Editor’s note: As an etiquette guide, this article is based on opinion. It’s goal is to create a standard.

With all the talk you hear these days about banning prayer it becomes clear that the same people that preach religious tolerance don’t know how to live it. The only way anyone can consider the presence of Christian prayer to be forcing Christianity on them is if they don’t know the etiquette of being a non-christian witness to Christian practice. I’m going to share with you the things you need to know to respectfully attend a church service in a denomination you don’t agree with. 

Participation Is Not Conversion

Christianity is primarily internal. The external behaviours are meaningless without the internal belief. So, when you participate without believing you’re literally just going through the motions. Having attended a Christian church service doesn’t make you Christian. 

Participation Is Optional

There is no Christian ritual (for lack of a better term) that’s mandatory for all members of the congregation at every service. If something’s happening that you’re really not comfortable participating in, don’t. 

Don’t Draw Attention to Yourself as an Outsider

Modern Christian churches are generally very welcoming but you’re still the outsider. When you draw attention to yourself you just disrupt the service and are essentially insulting everything the people around you stand for. After the service you’ll be welcomed with open arms because you’re an outsider, unless you’re at a mega church than nobody will even realise that you aren’t there every week.

Keep an Open Mind

There’s a good chance that you’ve been indoctrinated against the people in that congregation but it’s probably all lies. Nobody will expect you to automatically agree with them but they will expect you to extend them the same courtesy. In that vein, a church service isn’t the place to argue for your beliefs or against theirs, but it is an excellent place to learn. Even outside theology, many churches have rich and fascinating histories and traditions, especially the liturgical denominations like Lutherans and Catholics. Just don’t expect anyone to give you much of an answer to big theological questions off the top of their heads. 

Don’t Take Communion

There are many different beliefs about communion. Some Christians may be deeply offended by outsiders taking communion. For that reason, if you aren’t sure if you should be taking communion in their church or don’t think they should in yours, than don’t. If you don’t know what I mean by “taking communion” than you also shouldn’t. 

Keep Quiet or Follow Along

The best thing to do is to participate in the service by following along with what everyone else is doing and otherwise you should only be heard by those sitting next to you. If you choose not to pray with everyone else then keep silent during the prayers. It doesn’t matter if you simply wait for the prayers to end, or meditate or pray based on your own convictions, so long as nobody else can tell. 

Dress Appropriately

A church service is a social gathering and thus has a dress code. Churchgoers are usually more tolerant of sartorial differences but it’s still best to dress for the occasion. It used to be that everyone wore informal attire to church for a typical service. Unfortunately, that expectation has slackened to the point that now people often dress down for church. There are very few churches where a suit would be inappropriate, and is arguably the most appropriate but many churches now are excessively casual. No matter what kind of church you’re going to you should never fall below a smart casual outfit, with a collared shirt and a nice sweater or blazer, for a Sunday morning service. If you don’t know how formal a church is than ask the pastor or your host in advance.

This was just a general etiquette guide. It would be adequate in any church but more specific guidance may be helpful. In the future I’ll write about the etiquette for visiting a Lutheran church but if you want to write an article for visitors to other churches, contact me and I may just publish it.